“By endurance we conquer.”

In 1914, Sir Ernest Shackleton recruited men and support for his Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition, intent on crossing the continent of ANTARCTICA on foot. Shakelton's very name evokes images of hardship and survival under the most desperate circumstances, as does the name of his shipderived from his familys motto, Fortitudine Vincimus (by endurance we conquer) the Endurance.

For a ship that he could trust in extreme conditions, he chose the 300-ton 144-ft. wood-hull barkentine Polaris, which had been built at Norways Framnaes shipyard, whose extreme-strength ships were favored for polar exploration.

The Endurance, as he renamed her, was built of oak and fir and sheathed in greenhearta wood so tough that special methods were needed to work it.

Sailing south as World War I broke out in August 1914 after the Royal Navy asked him to proceed rather than accept his services the Endurance became icebound at 74 south latitude, short of the Antarctic coast, then frozen fast as the ice became tightly packed by several days of high winds from the northeast. Immobilized for ten months, including Antarctic winter, the crew abandoned her as she was crushed and finally lost on October 27, 1915.

Stranded on the ice, Shackleton and the Endurance crew of 28 made their way with their lifeboats to barren Elephant Island, which offered neither shelter, food, nor the prospect of rescue.

On April 24, 1916, Shackleton chose five crewmen and embarked in the 22-foot James Caird on one of historys most fantastic voyages: despite being able to take only four star sightings, they made 800 miles over 17 days through seas up to 70 feet and miraculously in the words of their logreached their objective, South Georgia Island.

Still 150 sea miles short of Stromness Bay on the other side of the mountainous island, and with only rags for clothing, Shackleton and two of his men struck out againthis time trekking 22 miles over uncharted alpine terrainand stumbled into the whaling station 36 hours later, to the absolute astonishment of those present.

On August 30, 1916, the trawler Yelcho finally retrieved the remaining crewmembers from Elephant Island.

Amazingly, Shackleton lost no men on this 22-month odyssey, the last fantastic expedition of the heroic age.


USS Endurance (AMc-77) was an Accentor-class minesweeper acquired by the U.S. Navy for the dangerous task of removing mines from minefields laid in the water to prevent ships from passing.

Endurance was launched on 19 June 1941 by Gibbs Gas Engine Co., Jacksonville, Florida. Placed in service on 11 October 1941, she served in a noncommissioned status throughout the war in the 10th Naval District.

She was placed out of service on 6 December 1945 and transferred to the Maritime Administration on 7 July 1947 for disposal.


The Endurance (AM-435) was launched August 1952 by J. M. Martinac Shipbuilding Corp., Tacoma, Wash., and commissioned 19 May 1954, Lieutenant L. E. Martin in command. She was reclassified MSO-435 on 7 February 1955.

On 21 April 1954, Endurance arrived at Long Beach, Calif., her homeport, and began training operations along the southern coast of California. In July 1955 she made a good will cruise to Acapulco, Mexico, returning to local duty on exercises, drills, and operations with ships of other types.

Endurance made her first cruise to the Far East between August 1957 and February 1958, during which she exercised with ships of the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force and the navy of the Republic of China.

Her second tour of duty in the Far East, from January through July 1960, included minesweeping exercises at Okinawa, and another period of assistance to the Chinese navy in developing their modern mine warfare techniques. Arriving at Long Beach on 19 July, the remainder of the year was given to operations and ship overhaul.


HMS Endurance was a Royal Navy ice patrol vessel that served from 1967 to 1991. She came to public notice when she was involved in the Falklands War of 1982.

On 19 March 1982 while the ship was at Stanley, South Georgia was occupied by Argentinian civilians. The Endurance, commanded by Captain Nick Barker, was sent to order the Argentinians off the island. Endurance had a small Royal Marines detachment and took further Marines from NP (Naval Party) 8901, and sailed on 21 March for South Georgia. Arriving on 25 March, she encountered the Argentinian transport Bahia Buen Suceso, which had landed 100 troops, and Endurance landed her marines before returning to the Falklands on 30 March. She joined up with the British task force in April and landed SBS soldiers at Hound Bay on South Georgia on 22 April. With the threat of a submarine presence, other vessels moved into deeper waters but Endurance moved into sea ice near the shore. On 25 April two Wasp ASW helicopters flying from Endurance assisted in attacks on the submarine Santa Fe, which was later abandoned by her crew. When the Argentinian forces surrendered on the 26th the Endurance remained in the vicinity of the island as a guard.

Toward the end of her life she acquired the nickname HMS Encumbrance due to reliability problems.

In 1989 she struck an iceberg and although she was repaired, a survey in 1991 declared that the hull was not sound enough for a return to Antarctica and she was finally decommissioned.


HMS Endurance was the Royal Navy's Antarctic ice patrol ship. She was a class 1A1 icebreaker, with pennant number A171.

HMS Endurance was built in Norway in 1990 by Ulstein Hatlo for Rieber Shipping as MV Polar Circle. The Navy chartered her for eight months as HMS Polar Circle from 21 November 1991. She was bought outright and renamed HMS Endurance on 9 October 1992.

Endurance provided a sovereign presence in polar waters, performed hydrographic surveys and supported the British Antarctic Survey in Antarctica. Her usual deployment was in the South Atlantic and returned to the UK through tropical waters each year.


Federation starship, Mann-class cruiser. The Endurance was constructed in 2206 and was employed primarily for strategic purposes by Starfleet command. It provided much needed defense and security within the ever-growing Federation jurisdiction. Having an advanced 3rd generation warp drive that used pure matter/antimatter annihilation, the Endurance became the first Federation designed craft to surpass warp 6.

In 2217, under the command of Admiral Okuru Nelson, the Endurance was the flagship of a massive space-lift operation to evacuate the 10 million inhabitants of Bayard's Planet before the Phi Puma supernova shockwave ignited a cascade nova in the Bayard's star system. The USS Endurance was retired from service in 2244.

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